Active music therapy in the rehabilitation of severe brain injured patients during coma recovery

Rita Formisano, Vincenzo Vinicola, Francesca Penta, Mariella Matteis, Stefano Brunelli, Jurgen W. Weckel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Active improvised music therapy may offer an adjuvant form of treatment in the early rehabilitation of severe brain-injured patients. Active music therapy consists of musical improvisation between patient and therapist by singing or by playing different musical instruments, according to the vital functions, the neurological conditions and the motor abilities of the patients. We studied 34 severe brain-injured patients with a mean coma duration of 52 days ± 37.21 and a mean interval from coma onset to the beginning of rehabilitation of 154 days on average. Our preliminary results show a significant improvement of the collaboration of the severe brain-injured patients and a reduction of undesired behaviours such as inertia (reduced psychomotor initiative) or psychomotor agitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-630
Number of pages4
JournalAnnali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Volume37
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Active music therapy
  • Coma
  • Complementary alternative medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Severe brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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