Activity of combination chemotherapy in brain metastases from breast and lung adenocarcinoma

M. Colleoni, C. Graiff, P. Nelli, G. Vicario, G. Sgarbossa, F. Pancheri, P. Manente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Brain metastases represent a common complication of breast and lung cancer, with an overall incidence exceeding 30-40% of cases. Results achieved with radiotherapy are disappointing, with a median survival of a few months, and no clear activity has been observed with chemotherapy. The aims of this study were to assess the activity and feasibility of a new chemotherapeutic approach according to the following schedule: lomustine, 80 mg/m2 day 1; carboplatin, 80 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15, 22; vinorelbine, 20 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15, 22; L-leucovorin 250 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15, 22; and fluorouracil, 500 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15, 22. Cycles were repeated every 6 weeks. Since January 1994, 28 patients have been enrolled and 26 are evaluable for response and side effects. Major patient characteristics were median age, 55 years (range 31-72); men/women 15/11; lung primary, 20; breast primary, 6; performance status Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, 0-2. A total of 64 cycles were administered (median/patient, two cycles). Nine partial remissions have been observed (35%, 95% confidence interval 1756%), 6 disease stabilizations, and 11 disease progressions. Median duration of response was 3 months, and median time to progression for the whole group was 3.7 months (range 1-7). Treatment was well tolerated. Mild or moderate side effects included neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, mucositis, and nausea/vomiting; grade III-IV toxicity included neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. In conclusion, our results indicate that the schedule proposed is feasible and effective in this subset of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1997


  • Brain metastases
  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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