Activity of hippocampal, amygdala, and neocortex during the Rey auditory verbal learning test: An event-related potential study in epileptic patients

Claudio Babiloni, Fabrizio Vecchio, Giovanni Mirabella, Fabio Sebastiano, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Pier P. Quarato, Paola Buffo, Vincenzo Esposito, Mario Manfredi, Giampaolo Cantore, Fabrizio Eusebi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Previous evidence in epileptic subjects has shown that theta (about 4-7. Hz) and gamma rhythms (about 40-45. Hz) of hippocampus, amygdala, and neocortex were temporally synchronized during the listening of repeated words successfully remembered (Babiloni et al., 2009). Here we re-analyzed those electroencephalographic (EEG) data to test whether a parallel increase in amplitude of late positive event-related potentials takes place. Methods: Intracerebral electroencephalographic (EEG) activity had been recorded in five subjects with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy, undergoing pre-surgical evaluation. During the recording of the intracerebral EEG activity, the subjects performed a computerized version of the Rey auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT). They heard the same list of 15 common words for five times. Each time, immediately after the listening of the list, the subjects were required to repeat as many words as they could recall. Results: We found that late positive event-related potentials (ERPs) peaking at about 350. ms post-stimulus in amygdala, hippocampus, and occipital-temporal cortex had a higher amplitude during the listening of the repeated words that were subsequently recalled than for those that were not recalled. Conclusions: Late positive ERPs reflect a functional mechanism implemented in a human brain network spanning amygdala, hippocampus, and occipital-temporal cortex which is at the basis of the memorization processes of verbal materials. Significance: This ERP component is a promising neuromarker of successful memorization of repeated words in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1357
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Event-related potential
  • Immediate memory
  • Intracerebral electroencephalography (EEG)
  • P300
  • Rey auditory verbal learning test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Activity of hippocampal, amygdala, and neocortex during the Rey auditory verbal learning test: An event-related potential study in epileptic patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this