Activity of Pemetrexed on brain metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Alessandra Bearz, Isabella Garassino, Marcello Tiseo, Orazio Caffo, Hector Soto-Parra, Massimo Boccalon, Renato Talamini, Armando Santoro, Marco Bartolotti, Viviana Murgia, Massimiliano Berretta, Umberto Tirelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Brain metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer are usually associated with poor prognosis and up to now chemotherapy has shown a modest activity upon cerebral localizations. We investigated the role of Pemetrexed, a new, well tolerated multi-target antifolate, on brain metastases. Patients and methods: We collected 39 patients with evidence of cerebral nervous system (CNS) localizations from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) before starting treatment with Pemetrexed as second-line or further-line therapy. Results: We confirmed the good tolerability of Pemetrexed even in that setting of patients and we reported a progressive disease (PD) in 12 patients (30.8%), a stable disease (SD) and partial response (PR) in 12 (30.8%) and 15 (38.4%) patients respectively, with an overall clinical benefit obtained in 69% of patients. The cerebral response to Pemetrexed was interesting with a cerebral radiological benefit obtained in 32 patients (82%), while 7 patients only showed brain progressive disease. Overall median survival was 10 months.All irradiation-naïve patients and those with clear radiological evidence of cerebral progression after brain radiotherapy and before Pemetrexed, overall 22 patients, were included in one group, in order to avoid overlapping effects between brain radiotherapy and Pemetrexed over CNS localizations. Within that setting, we demonstrated an overall clinical benefit (SD. +. PR) and cerebral benefit in 63% and 68%, of patients respectively. Distribution of patients by overall response to Pemetrexed and CNS response was highly suggestive of activity of Pemetrexed on brain metastases. Conclusion: We demonstrated the good tolerability of Pemetrexed even in patients with advanced NSCLC and brain metastases, and we found a very good overall response rate with evidence of activity on brain localizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-268
Number of pages5
JournalLung Cancer
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Brain localization
  • Chemotherapy
  • Metastases
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Pemetrexed
  • Second-line treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Bearz, A., Garassino, I., Tiseo, M., Caffo, O., Soto-Parra, H., Boccalon, M., Talamini, R., Santoro, A., Bartolotti, M., Murgia, V., Berretta, M., & Tirelli, U. (2010). Activity of Pemetrexed on brain metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Lung Cancer, 68(2), 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2009.06.018