Acute and chronic effects of ethanol on cortical excitability

A. Conte, M. L. Attilia, F. Gilio, E. Iacovelli, V. Frasca, C. Marini Bettolo, M. Gabriele, E. Giacomelli, M. Prencipe, A. Berardelli, M. Ceccanti, M. Inghilleri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We designed this study to find out whether 5 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) would disclose changes in cortical plasticity after acute intake of ethanol and in patients with chronic alcohol consumption. Methods: Ten stimuli-5 Hz-rTMS trains were applied over the primary motor cortex in 10 healthy subjects before and after acute ethanol intake and in 13 patients with chronic ethanol abuse, but negative blood ethanol levels when studied. The motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude and the cortical silent period (CSP) duration during the course of rTMS trains were measured. Short-interval intracortical inhibition (3 ms) and intracortical facilitation (10 ms) were studied by paired-pulse TMS in 4 healthy subjects and 4 patients. Results: In healthy subjects before and after acute ethanol intake, 5 Hz-rTMS produced a significant increase in the MEP size and CSP duration during rTMS. The first CSP in the train was significantly longer after than before ethanol intake. In patients 5 Hz-rTMS failed to produce the normal MEP facilitation but left the CSP increase unchanged. Conclusions: Acute and chronic ethanol intake alters cortical excitability and short-term plasticity of the primary motor cortex as tested by the MEP size facilitation and CSP lengthening after 5 Hz-rTMS. Significance: This finding suggests that rTMS is a valid tool for investigating the effects of ethanol on cortical plasticity in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

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Keywords

  • Cortical plasticity
  • Ethanol
  • rTMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Conte, A., Attilia, M. L., Gilio, F., Iacovelli, E., Frasca, V., Bettolo, C. M., Gabriele, M., Giacomelli, E., Prencipe, M., Berardelli, A., Ceccanti, M., & Inghilleri, M. (2008). Acute and chronic effects of ethanol on cortical excitability. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119(3), 667-674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2007.10.021