Acute biventricular interaction in pediatric patients with continuous or pulsatile flow LVAD: a simulation study

Arianna Di Molfetta, Gianfranco Ferrari, Roberta Iacobelli, Libera Fresiello, Mara Pilati, Alessandra Toscano, Sergio Filippelli, Stefano Morelli, Antonio Amodeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

LVADs are used to bridge pediatric patients till transplantation. However, the LVADs effects on right ventricular (RV) function is controversial. This work aims at studying the ventricular interdependency in the presence of continuous (c-) and pulsatile (p-) flow LVAD in pediatric patients using a lumped parameter model including the representation of the septum. 5 pediatric patients data were used to simulate patients baseline. The effects on LV and RV functions, energetics, preloads and afterloads of different c-LVAD speeds, p-LVAD rate, p-LVAD systole duration, p-LVAD filling and ejection pressures were simulated. c-LVAD and p-LVAD unload the LV decreasing the LV external work and improving the LV ventriculo-arterial coupling and these effects are more evident increasing the c-LVAD speed and the p-LVAD rate. c-LVAD and p-LVAD decrease the RV afterload, increase the RV ejection fraction and improve the RV ventriculo-arterial coupling. The changes in RV function are inversely proportional to the degree of the interventricular septum leftward shift that increased by increasing the LVAD contribution. The study of the interventricular interaction could lead to the development of a dedicated algorithm to optimize LVAD setting in pediatric population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalASAIO Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jun 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Di Molfetta, A., Ferrari, G., Iacobelli, R., Fresiello, L., Pilati, M., Toscano, A., Filippelli, S., Morelli, S., & Amodeo, A. (Accepted/In press). Acute biventricular interaction in pediatric patients with continuous or pulsatile flow LVAD: a simulation study. ASAIO Journal. https://doi.org/10.1097/MAT.0000000000000396