Acute Communicating Hydrocephalus as Spinal Cord Surgery Complication in Patient with Lumbar Lipomyelocele

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Abstract

Background: A lumbar lipomyelocele is a closed spinal dysraphism that can cause tethered cord syndrome. Between 5% and 15% of spinal dysraphism surgery cases are burdened with complications, the most common being wound infections or dehiscence and cerebrospinal fluid leak. Acute communicating hydrocephalus has never been described as a complication of this type of surgery. Case Description: A 6-year-old girl who had undergone several surgeries in another institution for lumbar lipomyeloschisis came to our attention for a second opinion about the management of her spinal dysraphism. During the visit, she experienced sudden loss of consciousness. An emergent computed tomography scan revealed an acute communicating hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed with quick recovery of consciousness. Further craniospinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed small droplets of fat in the intracranial subarachnoid spaces and ventricular system, suggestive of rupture of the lipoma with consequent aseptic meningitis. Conclusion: This is the first description of acute communicating hydrocephalus as a complication of lipomyelocele surgery. We discuss the possible pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to cerebrospinal fluid dynamics alteration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-472.e2
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Acute hydrocephalus
  • Chemical meningitis
  • Complication
  • Lipomyelocele
  • Lipomyeloschisis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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