Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration Alone or in Combination With Maximal Voluntary Contractions on Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Obese Male Adolescents

Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Gabriella Tringali, Sofia Tamini, Roberta De Micheli, Davide Soranna, Redha Taiar, Danúbia Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Laisa Paineiras-Domingos, Mario Bernardo-Filho, Alessandro Sartorio

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Abstract

Musculoskeletal and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is reduced in obesity. Physical exercise (including whole-body vibration exercise [WBVE]) is reported to improve components related to MSMF. The aim of the study is to evaluate the acute effects of WBVE and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), alone and in combination, on the cardiorespiratory and MSMF in obese adolescents. Eight obese adolescents performed 3 tests (WBVE, MVC, and MVC + WBVE) in different days and randomly. The outcome measures were diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), handgrip strength (HS), one-leg standing balance (OLSB) test, sit-and-reach (SR) test, stair climbing test (time: TSCT and power: PSCT), and sit-to-stand test (time: TSTSand power: PSTS). No significant changes were observed in SBP, DBP, MAP, and SpO2 after the 3 tests, only an HR increase being observed after MVC + WBVE (P < .01) and MVC alone (P < .05). No significant differences were found in HS, OLSB, TSTS, and PSTS after the 3 different sessions. An increase in SR was found after MVC + WBVE, MVC, and WBVE (P < .01, P < .05, and P < .01, respectively), while a decrease in TSCT (P < .01) and an increase in PSCT were observed only after WBVE (P < .01). Taking into account the positive WBVE effects on cardiorespiratory and MSMF, WBVE might represent a nonimpact, viable, and safe exercise suitable for obese patients, which need MSMF improvement without overloading joints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559325819890492
JournalDose-Response
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2019

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