Acute Kidney Injury After Radial or Femoral Access for Invasive Acute Coronary Syndrome Management: AKI-MATRIX

Giuseppe Andò, Bernardo Cortese, Filippo Russo, Martina Rothenbühler, Enrico Frigoli, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Carlo Briguori, Pascal Vranckx, Sergio Leonardi, Vincenzo Guiducci, Flavia Belloni, Fabio Ferrari, Jose Maria de la Torre Hernandez, Salvatore Curello, Francesco Liistro, Andrea Perkan, Stefano De Servi, Gavino Casu, Antonio Dellavalle, Dionigi FischettiAntonio Micari, Bruno Loi, Fabio Mangiacapra, Nunzio Russo, Fabio Tarantino, Francesco Saia, Dik Heg, Stephan Windecker, Peter Jüni, Marco Valgimigli, Maria Salomone, Monica Portolan, Francesco Costa, Sergio Leonardi, Andrea Santarelli, Ezio Bramucci, Patrizia Presbitero, Carlo Vigna, Giovanni Esposito, Patrizia Presbitero, Dennis Zavalloni-Parenti, Andrea Santarelli, Giovanni Esposito, Carlo Vigna, Antonio Colombo, Alaide Chieffo, Stefano De Servi, Marcello Caputo, Maurizio Ferrario, Ezio Bramucci, MATRIX Investigators, MATRIX Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background It remains unclear whether radial access (RA), compared with femoral access (FA), mitigates the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Objectives The authors assessed the incidence of AKI in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) enrolled in the MATRIX-Access (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox) trial. Methods Among 8,404 patients, 194 (2.3%) were excluded due to missing creatinine values, no or an incomplete coronary angiogram, or previous dialysis. The primary AKI-MATRIX endpoint was AKI, defined as an absolute (>0.5 mg/dl) or a relative (>25%) increase in serum creatinine (sCr). Results AKI occurred in 634 patients (15.4%) with RA and 712 patients (17.4%) with FA (odds ratio [OR]: 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.77 to 0.98; p = 0.0181). A >25% sCr increase was noted in 633 patients (15.4%) with RA and 710 patients (17.3%) with FA (OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.77 to 0.98; p = 0.0195), whereas a >0.5 mg/dl absolute sCr increase occurred in 175 patients (4.3%) with RA versus 223 patients (5.4%) with FA (OR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.63 to 0.95; p = 0.0131). By implementing the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria, AKI was 3-fold less prevalent and trended lower with RA (OR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.70 to 1.03; p = 0.090), with stage 3 AKI occurring in 28 patients (0.68%) with RA versus 46 patients (1.12%) with FA (p = 0.0367). Post-intervention dialysis was needed in 6 patients (0.15%) with RA and 14 patients (0.34%) with FA (p = 0.0814). Stratified analyses suggested greater benefit with RA than FA in patients at greater risk for AKI. Conclusions In ACS patients who underwent invasive management, RA was associated with a reduced risk of AKI compared with FA. (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by TRansradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of angioX [MATRIX]; NCT01433627)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2592-2603
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume69
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2017

Keywords

  • bleeding
  • coronary intervention
  • creatinine
  • estimated glomerular filtration rate
  • ST-segment elevation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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