Acute kidney injury in symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis: Systematic review

Milena Moretti, Sebastiano A G Lava, Lorenzo Zgraggen, Giacomo D. Simonetti, Lisa Kottanattu, Mario G. Bianchetti, Gregorio P. Milani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectives Textbooks and reviews do not mention the association of symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis with acute kidney injury in subjects without immunodeficiency or autoimmunity. Study design Stimulated by our experience with two cases, we performed a review of the literature. Results The literature documents 38 cases (26 male and 12 female individuals ranging in age from 0.3 to 51, median 18 years) of symptomatic primary Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis complicated by acute kidney injury: 27 acute interstitial nephritides, 1 jaundice-associated nephropathy, 7 myositides and 3 hemolytic uremic syndromes. Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy was observed in 18 (47%) cases. Acute kidney injury did not resolve in one patient with acute interstitial nephritis. Two patients died because of systemic complications. The remaining 35 cases fully recovered. Conclusions In individuals with acute symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, a relevant kidney injury is rare but the outcome potentially fatal. It results from interstitial nephritis, myositis-associated acute kidney injury, hemolytic uremic syndrome or jaundice-associated nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Epstein-Barr virus infections
  • Hemolytic-uremic syndrome
  • Interstitial
  • Myositis
  • Nephritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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