Acute Limb Ischemia in Elderly Patients: Can Iloprost be Useful as an Adjuvant to Surgery? Results from the ILAILL Study

G. de Donato, G. Gussoni, G. de Donato, P. Cao, C. Setacci, C. Pratesi, A. Mazzone, M. Ferrari, F. Veglia, E. Bonizzoni, P. Settembrini, H. Ebner, A. Martino, D. Palombo, G. Paroni, A. Odero, R. de Laurentiis, G. Bianco, I. Baldi, R. PulliE. Romano, G. la Marca, P. Sbraga, F. Zaraca, F. Spinelli, T. Mandolfino, F. Benedetto, D. Baccellieri, D. Adami, A. Del Corso, G. Paroni, M. Ruggieri, C. Novali, B. Mangiacotti, F. Ponzio, G. Capaldi, B. Parente, G. Parlani, P. Maltempi, S. Ferrero, P. Colotto, L. Nardella, S. Pastorino, G. Rauti, R. Chiesa, E. M. Marone, F. Setacci, C. Bertoglio, A. M. Cristiani, T. Carissimi, G. Deriu, M. Antonello, F. Nessi, P. Cumbo, E. Ferrero, R. Mattassi, E. Callini, A. Ippoliti, A. Ascoli Marchetti, L. di Giulio, C. Spartera, C. Petrassi, G. Saracino, G. Biasi, P. Mingazzini, Y. Thsomba, G. Regina, G. Impedovo, A. Lillo, D. Angiletta, V. Marotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To evaluate the effects of iloprost, in addition to surgery, on the outcome of acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI). Design: Post-hoc analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Methods: In the context of the ILAILL (ILoprost in Acute Ischemia of Lower Limbs) study, 192 elderly patients (>70 years old) undergoing surgery for ALLI were assigned to receive perioperative iloprost (intra-arterial, intra-operative bolus of 3000 ng, plus intravenous infusion of 0.5-2.0 ng/kg/min for six hours/day for 4-7 days following surgery), or placebo (iloprost: n = 100; placebo: n = 92). Patients were followed-up for three-months following surgical revascularization. Results: The combined incidence of death and amputation (primary study end-point) was significantly reduced in patients treated with iloprost (16.0% vs 27.2% in the placebo group; hazard ratio 1.99, 95% confidence interval 1.05-3.75, p = 0.03). A statistically significant lower mortality (6.0%) was reported in patients receiving iloprost, compared to controls (15.2%) (hazard ratio 2.93, 1.11-7.71, p = 0.03). The overall incidence of death and major cardiovascular events was lower in patients receiving iloprost compared to those assigned placebo (24.0% and 35.9%, respectively), at the limits of statistical significance (relative risk 1.64, 0.97-2.79, p = 0.06). Conclusions: These results confirm the poor outcome in elderly patients with ALLI. Based on a subgroup analysis iloprost, as an adjuvant to surgery, appears to reduce the combined end-point of death and amputation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-198
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


  • Acute limb ischemia
  • Elderly patients
  • Iloprost
  • Reperfusion
  • Surgical revascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Surgery


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