Acute liver CCl4 intoxication causes low HSP70 gene expression and a delayed transition through the cell cycle in aged rats

Nicoletta Gagliano, Beatrice Arosio, Fabio Grizzi, Carlo Vergani, Giorgio Annoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since there is still debate about the ability of the aged liver to regenerate, we compared some aspects of this response in young, adult and old rodents. 2, 6, 12 and 19-month-old rats were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (3mg/kg) or left untreated (CT) and killed either 2h (group A) or 24h (group B) after intoxication. Liver injury was checked histologically and by assaying transaminases. mRNA levels of albumin (Alb), c-fos, c-myc, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-α and TGF-β1 were also analyzed. Heat shock protein (HSP)70 gene expression was evaluated, and liver GSH content. Transaminases and histology show more damage in aged rats. Alb mRNA was reduced starting at 12 months in group A and at all ages in group B; c-fos and c-myc mRNAs reached the highest levels in 6-month-old rats and the lowest in those aged 12 and 19 months of group A. In group B, c-fos was detectable only in 6-month animals, but c-myc at all ages. HGF, TGF-α and TGF-β1 mRNAs were up-regulated in treated rats, but to a lesser extent in the aged. HSP70 mRNA, absent in CT, was significantly increased at the age of 6 months, undetectable in the oldest rats in group A; in group B it was only visible in 6-month animals. GSH content was reduced with aging. In conclusion, during aging the liver regenerative machinery is preserved but its activation is reduced and delayed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-801
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2002

Keywords

  • Aging
  • HSP70 gene
  • Liver regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Medicine(all)

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