Acute respiratory failure

Luciano Gattinoni, Eleonora Carlesso, Federico Polli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Respiratory failure is defined as the inability of the respiratory system to maintain normal oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions (PaO2 and PaCO2, respectively), when breathing room air. Normal PaCO 2 ranges from 35 to 45 mmHg, while normal PaO2 ranges from 80 to 100 mmHg and declines with age according to the following formula 1:

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSurgical Intensive Care Medicine: Second Edition
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780387778921
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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