Background and objectives Acute renal impairment is observed in 11%-23% of patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and deficiency of a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs 13 (ADAMTS13, a metalloprotease that cleaves von Willebrand factor [VWF] multimers), a substantial percentage of whom develop CKD during follow-up. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Here we investigated whether, in 18 patients with congenital recruited from 1996 to 2013 who fulfilled inclusion criteria, acute renal involvement occurred during bouts segregated with lower secretion and activity levels of ADAMTS13 mutants. We performed expression studies and a sensitive recombinantVWF (rVWF) A1-A2-A3 cleavage test (detection limit, 0.78% of normal ADAMTS13 activity). Results A higher risk of acute renal impairment during bouts was observed in patients with childhood (,18 years) onset (odds ratio [OR], 24.6 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11 to 542.44]) or a relapsing ($1 episode per year) disease (OR, 54.6 [95% CI, 2.25 to 1326.28]) than in patients with adulthood onset or long-lasting remission, respectively. Whatever the age at onset, patients with acute renal impairment had mutations different from those in patients without renal involvement. Moreover, mutations in patients with acute renal impairment compared with those in patients without renal involvement caused lower in vitro rADAMTS13 secretion (1.33% versus 12.5%; P,0.001) and residual activity (0.11% versus 3.47%; P=0.003). rADAMTS13 secretion #3.75% and residual activity #0.4% best discriminated patients with renal impairment (receiveroperating characteristic curve sensitivity, 100% and 100%; specificity, 100% and 83.3%, respectively; logistic regression OR, 325 [95% CI, 6 to 18339] and 91.7 [95% CI, 3.2 to 2623.5], respectively). All mutations found in patients with childhood onset or relapsing disease were associated with acute renal impairment during bouts, confirming the link between acute renal impairment and early onset or a relapsing course. ADAMTS13 activity levels in vivo, measured in patients’ serum by rVWF A1-A2-A3 cleavage test, correlated with in vitro rADAMTS13 mutant activity (r=0.95; P,0.001). Conclusions In congenital TTP, renal impairment and relapsing disease might be predicted by measurements of in vitro rADAMTS13 secretion and activity levels and in vivo serum ADAMTS13 activity.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 6 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine