Adaptational changes in the neural control of cardiorespiratory function in a confined environment: The CNEC#3 experiment

M. Pagani, F. Iellamo, D. Lucini, P. Pizzinelli, F. Castrucci, G. Peruzzi, A. Malliani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The goal of the study was to characterize the changes in neurovegetative control of the circulation, attending the presumed physiological and psychological stress originated by the isolation and confinement typical of the living condition of space stations, as simulated in a ground based unit, using time and frequency domain analysis. As a secondary goal we sought to verify the implementation of real time data acquisition, for off line spectral analisys of R-R interval, systolic arterial pressure (by Finapres) and respiration (by PVF2 piezoelectric sensors). We addressed the cardiorespiratory and neurovegetative responses to standardized, simple Stressors (active standing, dynamic and static handgrip) on the EXEMSI 92 crew, before, during and after the isolation period. On average the appropriate excitatory responses (to stand, dynamic and static handgrip) were elicited also in isolation and confinement. Active standing and small masses muscular exercises are easy to be performed in a confined and isolated environment and provide a valuable tool for investigating the adaptational changes in neural control mechanisms. The possibility there exists of using this time and frequency domain approach to monitor the level of performance and well being of the space crew in (quasi) real time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-461
Number of pages13
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume36
Issue number8-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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