The clinical development of drugs is based on a consolidated model that adopts, as a reference, the conduct of consecutive dose-finding and activity studies (the phases), up to the classical randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which are strictly regulated by a study protocol. This model is likely to be too rigid, since it cannot incorporate the information that gradually becomes available. To overcome, at least partly, this limited flexibility, so-called adaptive designs have been proposed: in these designs, it is possible to introduce changes and also to modify relevant aspects of a single design on the basis of results/information obtained in the study itself. This article presents the main characteristics of these designs and discusses the precautions to be taken into account in the application in clinical studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health