Angiopoietin-1 can promote migration, sprouting, and survival of endothelial cells through activation of different signaling pathways triggered by the Tie2 tyrosine kinase receptor. ShcA adapter proteins are targets of activated tyrosine kinases and are implicated in the transmission of activation signals to the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Here we report the identification of an interaction between the adapter protein ShcA and the cytoplasmic domain of Tie2 through in vitro co-immunoprecipitation analysis. Stimulation of endogenous Tie2 in endothelial cells with its ligand angiopoietin-1 increased its association with ShcA and phosphorylation of the adapter protein. The interaction requires the SH2 domain of ShcA and the tyrosine phosphorylation of Tie2 as shown by pull-down experiments. Furthermore, Tyr-1101 of Tie2 was identified as the primary binding site for the SH2 domain of ShcA. Overexpression of a dominant-negative form of ShcA affects angiopoietin-1-induced chemotaxis and sprouting, although it has no effect on survival of endothelial cells. Furthermore, this mutant partially reduces the tyrosine phosphorylation of the regulatory p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Together, our results identified a novel interaction between Tie2 with the adapter molecule ShcA and suggested that this interaction may play a role in the regulation of migration and three-dimensional organization of endothelial cells induced by angiopoietin-1.
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