Adding Ipsilateral V20 and V30 to Conventional Dosimetric Constraints Predicts Radiation Pneumonitis in Stage IIIA-B NSCLC Treated With Combined-Modality Therapy

Sara Ramella, Lucio Trodella, Tommaso Claudio Mineo, Eugenio Pompeo, Gerardina Stimato, Diego Gaudino, Vincenzo Valentini, Francesco Cellini, Marzia Ciresa, Michele Fiore, Angelo Piermattei, Patrizia Russo, Alfredo Cesario, Rolando M. D'Angelillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To determine lung dosimetric constraints that correlate with radiation pneumonitis in non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with three-dimensional radiation therapy and concurrent chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: Between June 2002 and December 2006, 97 patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were treated with concomitant radiochemotherapy. All patients underwent complete three-dimensional treatment planning (including dose-volume histograms), and patients were treated only if the percentage of total lung volume exceeding 20 Gy (V20) and 30 Gy (V30), and mean lung dose (MLD) had not exceeded the constraints of 31%, 18%, and 20 Gy, respectively. The total and ipsilateral lung dose-volume histogram parameters, planning target volume, and total dose delivered were analyzed and correlated with pneumonitis incidence. Results: If dose constraints to the total lung were respected, the most statistically significant factors predicting pneumonitis were the percentage of ipsilateral lung volume exceeding 20 Gy (V20ipsi), percentage of ipsilateral lung volume exceeding 30 Gy (V30ipsi), and planning target volume. These parameters divided the patients into low- and high-risk groups: if V20ipsi was 52% or lower, the risk of pneumonitis was 9%, and if V20ipsi was greater than 52%, the risk of pneumonitis was 46%; if V30ipsi was 39% or lower, the risk of pneumonitis was 8%, and if V30ipsi was greater than 39%, the risk of pneumonitis was 38%. Actuarial curves of the development of pneumonitis of Grade 2 or higher stratified by V20ipsi and V30ipsi were created. Conclusions: The correlation between pneumonitis and dosimetric constraints has been validated. Adding V20ipsi and V30ipsi to the classical total lung constraints could reduce pulmonary toxicity in concurrent chemoradiation treatment. V20ipsi and V30ipsi are important if the V20 to the total lung, V30 to the total lung, and mean lung dose have not exceeded the constraints of 31%, 18%, and 20 Gy, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Dosimetric constraints
  • Ipsilateral lung
  • Lung cancer
  • Pneumonitis
  • Radiochemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Cancer Research

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