Additional organs involved in antiphospholipid syndrome: Eye, ear-nose-throat, lung, gastroenteric system, endocrine glands

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Antiphospholipid (PL) syndrome (APS) is a multiorgan disease and as such, albeit in rare cases, its manifestations can be found in the eye, ear-nose-throat district, lung, gastrointestinal system, and endocrine glands. In these cases, particularly when they represent the first manifestation, the diagnosis can be challenging. Moreover, due to the frequent association of APS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), it is often difficult to establish if a clinic manifestation is primarily related to APS, SLE, or both. In the present chapter we will review the available reports, mostly represented by single cases or small series, of these additional less obvious organs involved in APS (Fig. 13.1).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAntiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome: From Bench to Bedside
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages163-168
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783319110448, 9783319110431
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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