Additional value of inflammatory biomarkers and carotid artery disease in prediction of significant coronary artery disease as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography

Andrea Igoren Guaricci, Gianluca Pontone, Laura Fusini, Maria De Luca, Francesco Pio Cafarelli, Marco Guglielmo, Andrea Baggiano, Virginia Beltrama, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Saima Mushtaq, Edoardo Conte, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Daniele Andreini, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Matteo Di Biase, Antonio L. Bartorelli, Mauro Pepi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims To evaluate the relationship between an incremental model including cardiovascular risk factors, carotid disease, and inflammatory biomarkers to predict the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results A total of 134 consecutive and asymptomatic intermediate-risk patients (mean age 61+9 years, 52% men) were enrolled. Each subject underwent circulating levels assessment of interleukin (IL)-2r, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, high-sensitivity Creactive protein (hs-CRP) and carotid and coronary artery evaluation using carotid ultrasound and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), respectively. Carotid disease was diagnosed in 71 (53%) patients. Obstructive and multi-vessel CAD were found in 50 (37%) and 18 (14%) patients, respectively. Patients in whom CCTA showed multi-vessel CAD had a higher rate of carotid disease (89 vs. 46%, P ? 0.001) and increased values of all interleukins when compared with patients without multi-vessel obstructive CAD. The univariate and multivariate analysis showed that male gender, diabetes, carotid disease, and IL-6 were independently associated with obstructive CAD. At receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the multivariate model (including male gender, carotid disease, IL-6. 5.9 pg/mL, and diabetes) showed the highest area under the curve for prediction of obstructive CAD, multi-vessel CAD, and high-risk plaque defined as mixed and/or remodelled plaque when compared with all other models (P, 0.001). Conclusion Among asymptomatic intermediate-risk patients, the presence of increased IL6 levels in addition to traditional risk factors (male gender with diabetes) and carotid artery disease predicts higher rates of obstructive CAD and it could be of help to identify which subset of asymptomatic patients could be referred to CCTA for screening. ? The Author 2016.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Carotid disease
  • Computed tomography
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Cytokines
  • Inflammatory biomarkers
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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