The surgical strategy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical results of the abdominal-transhiatal approach for 100 consecutively operated type II and III cardia adenocarcinoma, to clarify clinicopathological differences between these tumors, and to define prognostic factors. A prospectively maintained database identified 100 consecutively operated patients with Siewert type II and III cardia adenocarcinoma. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences between subgroups and prognostic factors were evaluated by the log rank test and Cox regression. Concerning clinicopathological characteristics, only the incidence of T1-2 stage was significantly higher in Siewert II type (P = .006). A complete (R0) resection was obtained in 74 patients (74%). Overall postoperative mortality and morbidity rates were 6% and 28%, respectively. Overall actuarial 5-year survival rate in resected patients was 27.4% (median 27 months), with 20.6% for type II and 34 for type III cancers (P = .07). Considering R0 resections, overall actuarial 5-year survival rate was 33.9% (median 33 months), with 26.7% for type II and 40.5 for type III cancer (P = .06). Pathologic T and N stage and R status were independent prognostic factors by multivariate analysis, and Siewert type showed a trend toward significance. The abdominal-transhiatal approach is a safe surgical approach, allowing complete tumor resection and adequate lymphadenectomy in these patients. True carcinoma of the cardia may be a distinct clinical entity with a more aggressive natural history than subcardial gastric carcinoma.
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