Introduction. A prospective comparative study with pathology was performed at the National Cancer Institute, Milan, to assess the clinical value of Computed Tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for nodal staging in lung cancer. Material and methods. In three years, 71 patients with histological diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer were operated on. They underwent CT and EUS examinations to identify mediastinal lymphadenopathies after major nodal involvement had been excluded by chest X-ray. Diagnostic staging was completed in two weeks prior to treatment. Patients received complete tumor removal and radical lymphadenectomy (55 patients), invasive staging with node resection and sampling (11 patients), or mediastinoscopy (5 patients). Blinded interpretation of CT alone, EUS alone, and CT and EUS together were performed, with systematic correlation of imaging findings and pathological results. Results. The frequency of mediastinal involvement was 42.2%. A total of 329 nodal stations were dissected or sampled and 755 lymph nodes were examined at histology. On a per-station basis, CT had greater sensitivity (74%) than EUS (56%), but EUS was more specific (83.4% vs 92.7%). The accuracy rates of the two techniques were similar (CT 81%, EUS 83%). A site by site analysis showed highest sensitivity (100%) in the lower right paratracheal nodes for CT, and in the superior left paratracheal and subcarinal nodes for EUS. When the EUS and CT images were studied together by specialists on a per-station basis, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy increased to 85%. Conclusions. Endoscopic ultrasound should be part of the routine preoperative diagnostic approach to non-small-cell lung cancer, because of its high specificity. Results can be improved when EUS and CT are combined, which suggests that these imaging modalities should be used together in selected patients for the noninvasive staging of non-small-cell lung cancer to identify local lymphatic spread.
|Translated title of the contribution||Adenopathies in lung cancer: A comparison of pathology, computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound findings|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging