Adenoviral-mediated gene transfer restores plasma ADAMTS13 antigen and activity in ADAMTS13 knockout mice

P. Trionfini, S. Tomasoni, M. Galbusera, D. Motto, L. Longaretti, D. Corna, G. Remuzzi, A. Benigni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ADAMTS13 is a plasma metalloprotease that regulates the size of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers. Genetic or acquired deficiency of ADAMTS13 causes thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in humans. Plasma infusion is the treatment of choice for patients with congenital ADAMTS13 deficiency. However, this practice exposes patients to the risk of infections, allergies and fluid volume overload. The search for alternative treatments is required. Here, we tested the ability of systemically administered adenovirus encoding human ADAMTS13 to restore the deficient protein in the circulation of Adamts13-/- mice. Injection of the adenovirus efficiently transduced the liver, kidney, lung, heart and spleen, resulting in the secretion of ADAMTS13 into plasma. A reduced area of thrombi was observed when blood from Ad-ADAMTS13-treated mice was perfused over a collagen-coated surface in a parallel plate flow chamber compared with blood of Ad-βGal-treated controls. The secreted ADAMTS13 protein was functionally active even after 2 months from injection. The data provide the proof of principle for developing a novel therapy for the correction of ADAMTS13 deficiency in patients with hereditary TTP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1373-1379
Number of pages7
JournalGene Therapy
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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