OBJECTIVE: The Intensive Care Units of Milano metropolitan area are characterized by difficulties of hospitalization for acutely injured patients due to the low bed availability. We evaluated the problem trying to find out possible solutions. DESIGN: On the day of achieved neurological and neurosurgical stability-defined as the day when the intracranial pressure and jugular venous oxygen saturation monitoring, hyperventilation, osmotic therapy were considered no longer needed--the monitoring procedures and instrumental and/or pharmacological treatments that the patients received were recorded and classified as follows: 1) intensive, 2) intermediate, 3) non-intensive. PATIENTS: All the acutely injured patients admitted at five Neurosurgical ICUs during June-July and October-November 1994 have been studied. Only one of these ICUs had a "sub-intensive unit". MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: 391 patients (29.9%) aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, 25.1% tumours, 2.8% head injuries, 8.7% spontaneous intracranial haematomas, 13.5% various pathologies) were studied. Out of them 358 had an acute brain failure. 16.5% died during brain failure and 83.5% reached neurological stability within 3 days. When neurological stability was reached 32.1% of patients could be classified as "intensive", 63.6% as "intermediate" and 4.3% as "unintensive". In the four ICUs, without sub-intensive ward facilities, 361 patients were admitted with a total amount of 2292 days of hospitalization. Among them 61.9% were spent for a) patients with no brain injury (32 pts/113 days), b) postoperative patients (113 pts/167 days), c) patients in stable neurological conditions (159 pts/1139 days). Therefore, only 38% of the days recorded were given to patients that needed neurointensive care. CONCLUSION: Out data suggest that the receptivity for acute injured patients could be increased creating recovery room units and intermediate post-intensive units together with a better interchange between general and neurosurgical ICUs.
|Translated title of the contribution||Adequacy of admission in neurosurgical intensive care|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine