Adherence to a moderate sodium restriction diet in outpatients with cirrhosis and ascites: A real-life cross-sectional study

Filippo Morando, Silvia Rosi, Elisabetta Gola, Mariateresa Nardi, Salvatore Piano, Silvano Fasolato, Marialuisa Stanco, Marta Cavallin, Antonietta Romano, Antonietta Sticca, Lorenza Caregaro, Angelo Gatta, Paolo Angeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: Background & Aims: A moderate sodium restriction diet should be indicated in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Nevertheless, there is a lack of specific investigation on its correct application. To evaluate the adherence of patients with cirrhosis and ascites to a moderately low-salt diet and the impact on intake of total calories and serum sodium concentration. Methods: A total of 120 outpatients with cirrhosis and ascites were interviewed with a pre-established questionnaire. A quantitative assessment of nutrient and salt intake was performed. Result: A moderately low-salt diet was followed by 37 patients (Group A). Of the 83 patients who did not follow the diet (Group B), 54 thought that they were following it. The mean daily sodium intake was 79.5 ± 5.5 mmol/day (Group A) and 205.9 ± 14.1 mmol/day (Group B), P 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1508-1515
Number of pages8
JournalLiver International
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Ascites
  • Calories
  • Cirrhosis
  • Diet
  • Hyponatraemia
  • Nutrition
  • Restriction
  • Salt
  • Sodium
  • Sodium balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Medicine(all)

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