Adherence to World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research recommendations and pancreatic cancer risk

Aimee L. Lucas, Francesca Bravi, Paolo Boffetta, Jerry Polesel, Diego Serraino, Carlo La Vecchia, Cristina Bosetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer death. A role of dietary factors in pancreatic carcinogenesis has been suggested. The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) published 8 recommendations for cancer prevention. We evaluated the effect of adherence to the WCRF/AICR recommendations on pancreatic cancer risk. Methods: We operationalized 7 of the 8 WCRF/AICR recommendations to generate a WCRF/AICR score. We examined the association of WCRF/AICR score with pancreatic cancer in data from an Italian case-control study of 326 incident cases and 652 controls. Results: Adherence to WCRF/AICR recommendations was associated with a significantly decreased risk of pancreatic cancer. Using a WCRF/AICR score

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016



  • American Institute for Cancer Research
  • Diet
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Risk factors
  • World Cancer Research Fund

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology

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