Adhesion molecules and kinases involved in γδ T cells migratory pathways

Implications for viral and autoimmune diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

γδ T lymphocytes are involved in the defence from viral and mycobacterial infections; however they are also responsible for autoimmune reactions. Herein, we discuss the characteristics of these cells, focusing on the mechanism(s) underlying extravasation and tissue localization. We show that Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδT cells display differential expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors, the former being preferentially PECAM-1+CXCR4+, the latter expressing NKRP1A and CXCR3. The two cell populations transmigrate across endothelial cells by activation of distinct kinase pathways and in response to interferon-γ-inducing protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) or stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) according to the expression of the specific receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4. IP-10/CXCL10 and SDF-1/ CXCL12-induced transmigration are phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) and Akt /PKB-dependent. In addition, occupancy of CXCR3, but not of CXCR4, leads to CAMKII activation; blocking of CAMKII decreases IP-10/CXCL10 and 6Ckine/SLC/CCL21-driven transmigration. We report that HIV-1-infected patients have an increased number of circulating Vδ1 T cells possibly due to the interference of Tat protein on the function of chemokine receptors. In turn, patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), display an increase in peripheral Vδ2 γδT cells and this is related to interleukin-12-mediated upregulation of NKRP1A. Finally, the possible role of γδ T lymphocytes in post-transplantation immune reconstitution is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3166-3170
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Fingerprint

T-cells
Virus Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Phosphotransferases
Adhesion
T-Lymphocytes
Molecules
Chemokine Receptors
Chemokine CCL21
CXCR3 Receptors
Chemical activation
tat Gene Products
CD31 Antigens
CXCR4 Receptors
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Endothelial cells
Interleukin-12
Phosphatidylinositols
Interferons

Keywords

  • γδ T lymphocytes
  • CAMKII
  • HIV-1
  • Migration
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • NKRP1A
  • PECAMI
  • PI-3K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Adhesion molecules and kinases involved in γδ T cells migratory pathways: Implications for viral and autoimmune diseases",
abstract = "γδ T lymphocytes are involved in the defence from viral and mycobacterial infections; however they are also responsible for autoimmune reactions. Herein, we discuss the characteristics of these cells, focusing on the mechanism(s) underlying extravasation and tissue localization. We show that Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδT cells display differential expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors, the former being preferentially PECAM-1+CXCR4+, the latter expressing NKRP1A and CXCR3. The two cell populations transmigrate across endothelial cells by activation of distinct kinase pathways and in response to interferon-γ-inducing protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) or stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) according to the expression of the specific receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4. IP-10/CXCL10 and SDF-1/ CXCL12-induced transmigration are phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) and Akt /PKB-dependent. In addition, occupancy of CXCR3, but not of CXCR4, leads to CAMKII activation; blocking of CAMKII decreases IP-10/CXCL10 and 6Ckine/SLC/CCL21-driven transmigration. We report that HIV-1-infected patients have an increased number of circulating Vδ1 T cells possibly due to the interference of Tat protein on the function of chemokine receptors. In turn, patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), display an increase in peripheral Vδ2 γδT cells and this is related to interleukin-12-mediated upregulation of NKRP1A. Finally, the possible role of γδ T lymphocytes in post-transplantation immune reconstitution is discussed.",
keywords = "γδ T lymphocytes, CAMKII, HIV-1, Migration, Multiple Sclerosis, NKRP1A, PECAMI, PI-3K",
author = "Alessandro Poggi and Silvia Catellani and Daniela Fenoglio and Giovanna Borsellino and Luca Battistini and Zocchi, {Maria Raffaella}",
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T1 - Adhesion molecules and kinases involved in γδ T cells migratory pathways

T2 - Implications for viral and autoimmune diseases

AU - Poggi, Alessandro

AU - Catellani, Silvia

AU - Fenoglio, Daniela

AU - Borsellino, Giovanna

AU - Battistini, Luca

AU - Zocchi, Maria Raffaella

PY - 2007/12

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N2 - γδ T lymphocytes are involved in the defence from viral and mycobacterial infections; however they are also responsible for autoimmune reactions. Herein, we discuss the characteristics of these cells, focusing on the mechanism(s) underlying extravasation and tissue localization. We show that Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδT cells display differential expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors, the former being preferentially PECAM-1+CXCR4+, the latter expressing NKRP1A and CXCR3. The two cell populations transmigrate across endothelial cells by activation of distinct kinase pathways and in response to interferon-γ-inducing protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) or stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) according to the expression of the specific receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4. IP-10/CXCL10 and SDF-1/ CXCL12-induced transmigration are phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) and Akt /PKB-dependent. In addition, occupancy of CXCR3, but not of CXCR4, leads to CAMKII activation; blocking of CAMKII decreases IP-10/CXCL10 and 6Ckine/SLC/CCL21-driven transmigration. We report that HIV-1-infected patients have an increased number of circulating Vδ1 T cells possibly due to the interference of Tat protein on the function of chemokine receptors. In turn, patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), display an increase in peripheral Vδ2 γδT cells and this is related to interleukin-12-mediated upregulation of NKRP1A. Finally, the possible role of γδ T lymphocytes in post-transplantation immune reconstitution is discussed.

AB - γδ T lymphocytes are involved in the defence from viral and mycobacterial infections; however they are also responsible for autoimmune reactions. Herein, we discuss the characteristics of these cells, focusing on the mechanism(s) underlying extravasation and tissue localization. We show that Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδT cells display differential expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors, the former being preferentially PECAM-1+CXCR4+, the latter expressing NKRP1A and CXCR3. The two cell populations transmigrate across endothelial cells by activation of distinct kinase pathways and in response to interferon-γ-inducing protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) or stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) according to the expression of the specific receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4. IP-10/CXCL10 and SDF-1/ CXCL12-induced transmigration are phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) and Akt /PKB-dependent. In addition, occupancy of CXCR3, but not of CXCR4, leads to CAMKII activation; blocking of CAMKII decreases IP-10/CXCL10 and 6Ckine/SLC/CCL21-driven transmigration. We report that HIV-1-infected patients have an increased number of circulating Vδ1 T cells possibly due to the interference of Tat protein on the function of chemokine receptors. In turn, patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), display an increase in peripheral Vδ2 γδT cells and this is related to interleukin-12-mediated upregulation of NKRP1A. Finally, the possible role of γδ T lymphocytes in post-transplantation immune reconstitution is discussed.

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KW - Multiple Sclerosis

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KW - PECAMI

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