Adipokine profile in celiac patients: Differences in comparison with patients suffering from diarrhea-predominant IBS and healthy subjects

Francesco Russo, Guglielmina Chimienti, Caterina Clemente, Benedetta D'Attoma, Michele Linsalata, Antonella Orlando, Massimo De Carne, Filomena Cariola, Francesco P. Semeraro, Gabriella Pepe, Giuseppe Riezzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. The role of adipokines such as resistin, leptin, and adiponectin could be pivotal in the molecular crosstalk between the inflamed intestine and the surrounding mesenteric adipose tissue. Our aims were to a) evaluate their circulating concentrations in patients with active celiac disease (ACD) and compare them to those in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-d) and healthy subjects; b) establish the impact of genetic variability in resistin; and c) evaluate whether a 1-year gluten-free diet (GFD) modifies circulating concentrations of resistin, leptin, and adiponectin in celiac patients. Material and methods. The study included 34 ACD patients, 29 IBS-d patients, and 27 healthy controls. Circulating concentrations of resistin, leptin, adiponectin, IL-6, and IL-8 were evaluated at the time of enrollment. Resistin +299 G/A polymorphism was also analysed. In CD patients, biochemical measurements were repeated after a 1-year GFD. Results. Along with higher IL-6 and IL-8 plasma levels, higher resistin and adiponectin concentrations were found in ACD and IBS-d patients compared with controls (p: 0.0351 and p: 0.0020, respectively). Resistin values proved to be predictable from a linear combination of IL-8 and +299 polymorphism. GFD affected resistin (p: 0.0009), but not leptin and adiponectin concentrations. Conclusions. Our data suggest that these adipokines are involved in modulating inflammatory processes in both CD and IBS-d patients. Alterations in the adipokine profile as well as the higher prevalence of the resistin +299 G/A SNP A allele compared to controls support the hypothesis that, at least in well-defined cases of IBS, a genetic component may also be supposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1385
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Adipokines
  • Adiponectin
  • Celiac disease
  • Gluten
  • Gluten-free diet
  • IBS
  • IL-6
  • IL-8
  • Leptin
  • Resistin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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