ADIPOQ rs266729 G/C gene polymorphism and plasmatic adipocytokines connect metabolic syndrome to colorectal cancer

Rosa Divella, Antonella Daniele, Antonio Mazzocca, Ines Abbate, Porzia Casamassima, Cosimo Caliandro, Eustachio Ruggeri, Emanuele Naglieri, Carlo Sabbà, Raffaele De Luca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: ADIPOQ gene, which encode for Adiponectin (APN), is sited on chromosome 3q27 and linked to a susceptibility locus for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The ADIPOQ rs266729 G/C gene polymorphism is significantly associated with low APN levels and linked to susceptibility to develop cancer. In addition, decreased APN serum levels are linked with tumor development and progression and inversely associated with markers of inflammation. Here, we investigate the influence of APN rs266729 G/C polymorphism on adipocytokine circulating levels and their association with MetS in colorectal cancer patients (CRC). Methods: Blood samples from 105 CRC patients (50 women and 55 men) with and without MetS were genotyped for APN rs266729 G/C polymorphism by TETRA ARMS PCR. ELISA assay was used to measure plasma levels of APN and inflammatory TNF-α cytokine. Biochemical and anthropometric parameters of MetS were also analyzed. Results: We found that CRC patients (N=75) with genotype rs266729G/C or carriers of G allele were associated with a significantly increased risk of MetS development (OR =2.9) compared to those with CC genotype (N=30). Also, CG/GG genotypes were associated with significantly lower plasma APN levels and higher TNF-α levels in comparison to CC genotype (P=0.034) and APN levels were decreased in relation to BMI increases (P=0.001). Conclusions: Our findings show that APN rs266729 G/C polymorphism is associated with lower APN levels in CRC patients, indicating that decreased circulating levels of APN may be a determinant risk factor for CRC in MetS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1000-1008
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 25 2017

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • ADIPOQ gene
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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