Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction/Xenohybrid Bone Scaffold: An Alternative Source for Bone Regeneration

Ilaria Roato, Dimas Carolina Belisario, Mara Compagno, Laura Verderio, Anna Sighinolfi, Federico Mussano, Tullio Genova, Francesca Veneziano, Gianni Pertici, Giuseppe Perale, Riccardo Ferracini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are a promising tool for the treatment of bone diseases or skeletal lesions, thanks to their ability to potentially repair damaged tissue. One of the major limitations of ASCs is represented by the necessity to be isolated and expanded through in vitro culture; thus, a strong interest was generated by the adipose stromal vascular fraction (SVF), the noncultured fraction of ASCs. SVF is a heterogeneous cell population, directly obtained after collagenase treatment of adipose tissue. In order to investigate and compare the bone-regenerative potential of SVF and ASCs, they were plated on SmartBone®, a xenohybrid bone scaffold, already used in clinical practice with successful results. We showed that SVF plated on SmartBone, in the presence of osteogenic factors, had better osteoinductive capabilities than ASCs, in terms of differentiation into bone cells, mineralization, and secretion of soluble factors stimulating osteoblasts. Indeed, we observed an increasing area of new tissue over time, with and without OM. These data strongly support an innovative idea for the use of adipose SVF and bone scaffolds to promote tissue regeneration and repair, also thanks to an easier cell management preparation that allows a potentially larger use in clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4126379
JournalStem Cells International
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Roato, I., Belisario, D. C., Compagno, M., Verderio, L., Sighinolfi, A., Mussano, F., Genova, T., Veneziano, F., Pertici, G., Perale, G., & Ferracini, R. (2018). Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction/Xenohybrid Bone Scaffold: An Alternative Source for Bone Regeneration. Stem Cells International, 2018, [4126379]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4126379