Adjustable macular buckling for full-thickness macular hole with foveoschisis in highly myopic eyes: Long-term anatomical and functional results

Andrea Cacciamani, Stefano Lazzeri, Tommaso Rossi, Fabio Scarinci, Mariacristina Parravano, Guido Ripandelli, Marco A G Pileri, Marco Nardi, Mario Stirpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess functional and structural outcome after adjustable macular buckling for the treatment of foveoschisis (FS), associated with full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) in highly myopic eyes. Methods: Eighteen consecutive patients who underwent adjustable macular buckling for FS associated with FTMH were included in this prospective study. Three cases were not included in the analysis due to short follow-up period (less than 3 months). Outcome measures included anatomical success rate with FS resolution and FTMH closure, bestcorrected visual acuity, mean retinal sensitivity, central retinal thickness, and fixation site and stability. Results: Foveoschisis resolution and FTMH closure were observed in all cases between 1 month to 3 months after surgery. At 24 months of follow-up visit visual acuity improved in 13/15 eyes (86.7%) and remained stable in 2 (13.3%). Mean retinal sensitivity showed significant improvement from baseline 5.69 ± 3.52 dB to final 8.35 ± 3.86 dB; P<0.001. Fixation stability inside central 4° improved from baseline 58.5 ± 17.8% to final 73.7 ± 23.0%; P = 0.009. Central retinal thickness did not change significantly throughout follow-up. No FTMH or FS recurrence occurred and no surgical complications arose. Conclusion: Adjustable macular buckling exoplant may represent an effective surgical option for the treatment of FS associated with FTMH in highly myopic eyes. Adjustable macular buckling showed high closure rate and virtually no tendency to recur. Functional results and safety are also interesting because vision improved and retinal thickness did not reduce significantly at 24 months of follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-716
Number of pages8
JournalRetina
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • foveoschisis
  • high myopia
  • macular buckle
  • macular hole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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