Around 1148 patients with non-metastatic osteosarcoma of the extremity were treated in a single institution between 1972 and 1999 with 4 different protocol of adjuvant and 7 different protocols of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The rate of limb salvage increased from 20% to 71%. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 57% and 66%, respectively. The 10-year EFS and OS were 52% and 57%, respectively, and the results significantly correlated with serum alkaline phosphatase levels; the type of chemotherapy (adjuvant vs neoadjuvant); and with histologic response to pre-operative treatment. Aggressive chemotherapy and surgery could cure about the 60% of patients with osteosarcoma of the extremity. However, since local or systemic relapses, myocardiopathies and a second malignancy are possible even 5 or more years since the beginning of treatment, a long-term follow-up is recommended.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research