Adjuvant chemotherapy with high-dose cyclophosphamide, etoposide and cisplatin intensification without progenitor cell support in breast cancer patients with ten or more involved nodes: 5-Year results of a pilot trial

Alberto Ballestrero, Alessandra Rubagotti, Paola Stura, Fabio Ferrando, Domenico Amoroso, Michela Rinaldini, Piero Sismondi, Franco Genta, Mario Mesiti, Fulvio Brema, Franco Patrone, Francesco Boccardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of high-dose (HD) chemotherapy with growth factor support in primary breast cancer with extensive nodal involvement. Patients and Methods: Fifty-three patients with ten or more involved nodes were recruited and were given three cycles of standard-dose fluorouracil, epidoxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by one single course of high-dose CEP (cyclophosphamide, etoposide and cisplatin). No autologous progenitor support was used. Results: Five-year actuarial disease-free and overall survival were 40 and 60%, respectively. High-dose CEP required a median of 22 days of hospitalization and was associated with grade G3-G4 nausea and vomiting in two thirds of the cases. Hematological toxicity was comparable to that of high-dose therapies delivered with autologous progenitor support. No therapy-related mortality was observed. Conclusions: The efficacy of treatment was comparable to the best results of conventional therapy, with only a trend for improved survival. High-dose CEP was feasible with acceptable toxicity. Although this regimen does not require stem cell harvesting and storage, it requires clinical support comparable to autotransplantation procedures and side effects are not so manageable to recommend its use outside specialized units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalOncology
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Breast cancer, primary
  • High-dose chemotherapy
  • High-risk breast cancer
  • Irradiation
  • Progenitor cell support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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