Adjuvant CYVADIC chemotherapy for adult soft tissue sarcoma - Reduced local recurrence but no improvement in survival: A study of the European organization for research and treatment of cancer soft tissue and bone sarcoma group

Vivien Bramwell, Jacques Rouesse, Will Steward, Armando Santoro, H. Schraffordt-Koops, Jose Buesa, Wlodzimierz Ruka, Julio Priario, Theo Wagener, Marion Burgers, Jan Van Unnik, Genevieve Contesso, Denis Thomas, Martine Van Glabbeke, David Markham, Herbert Pinedo

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas. The principal end points were freedom from local recurrence and/or metastases and overall survival. Patients and Methods: Between January 1977 and June 1988, 468 patients entered this randomized study and 317 were considered eligible. Following complete surgical resection with or without radiotherapy, outcome in 145 eligible patients receiving cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) bolus on day 1, vincristine 1.4 mg/m2 IV bolus on day 1, doxorubicin (Adriamycin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH) 50 mg/m2 IV bolus on day 1, and dacarbazine (DTIC) 400 mg/m2 by 1-hour infusion on days 1 to 3 (CYVADIC) cycles repeated every 28 days for eight courses was compared with that in 172 control patients. Results: With a median follow-up duration of 80 months (range, 39 to 165), actuarial percentage survival figures at 7 years were compared. Relapse-free survival rates were higher for CYVADIC, 56% versus 43% (P = .007), and local recurrence was significantly reduced in the CYVADIC arm at 17% versus 31% (P = .004). In contrast, distant metastases occurred with similar frequency in both arms, 32% for CYVADIC versus 36% for control patients (P = .42), and overall survival rates were not significantly different at 63% versus 56% (P = .64). A reduction in local recurrence was only apparent in the group of head, neck, and trunk sarcomas (P = .002), but not in limb tumors (P = .31). Conclusion: Adjuvant chemotherapy with CYVADIC cannot be recommended outside the context of a clinical trial. Experience from this study has been used to plan a trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin/ ifosfamide, which is currently in progress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1149
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Bramwell, V., Rouesse, J., Steward, W., Santoro, A., Schraffordt-Koops, H., Buesa, J., Ruka, W., Priario, J., Wagener, T., Burgers, M., Van Unnik, J., Contesso, G., Thomas, D., Van Glabbeke, M., Markham, D., & Pinedo, H. (1994). Adjuvant CYVADIC chemotherapy for adult soft tissue sarcoma - Reduced local recurrence but no improvement in survival: A study of the European organization for research and treatment of cancer soft tissue and bone sarcoma group. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 12(6), 1137-1149.