In Italy the 1978 Reform Law established that all psychiatric admissions had to take place in the General Hospital Psychiatric Wards (GHPW). In 1984 a national survey found a national rate of 0.05 GHPW beds per thousand population. However, for several reasons, in Italy very few studies have been carried out on the inpatient population. In this paper we analyse all the patients admitted to the two GHPWs in Cremona, Lombardy Region, during 1986. Males were generally younger than females. The large majority of patients studied lived with relatives and had completed only elementary education; 1/3 of all the inpatients were employed, 1/3 retired or with social security disability and 1/4 housewives. About 25% of them were at the first ever psychiatric admission, and a significant difference was found for the age of the first admission, being higher in females. Concerning the diagnosis, a significant sex difference was found only for depressive neurosis and alcohol related disorders. The need for a better understanding of the role and the functions of the new GHPWs in the Italian psychiatric scene is emphasized.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Social Psychiatry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health