Adolescent varicocele: Tauber antegrade sclerotherapy versus Palomo repair

G. Mazzoni, A. Spagnoli, M. C. Lucchetti, M. Villa, M. L. Capitanucci, F. Ferro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: There is general agreement on treatment for varicocele in pediatric patients. Randomized prospective studies have shown that anatomical and functional lesions may be corrected. Due to the impossibility of seminal examination patients with moderate to large varicocele or ipsilateral testicular hypertrophy, characterized by a change in testicular consistency or symptoms, should undergo surgical correction. The best therapeutic approach is still under discussion. Materials and Methods: At 2 centers 2 therapeutic approaches to varicocele treatment in pediatric patients were compared, namely the Palomo repair and antegrade sclerotherapy according to Tauber. The 89 patients from the same geographical area elected 1 procedure after an explanation. From the medical records we retrospectively evaluated operative time, postoperative analgesics, postoperative fever onset, complications, convalescence, recurrence and postoperative hydrocele. Results: After Palomo repair in 45 patients there were 2 recurrences (4.4%) and 2 postoperative hydroceles (4.4%). Of 44 antegrade sclerotherapy cases 1 was converted to Palomo repair, there was no hydrocele formation and recurrence developed in 2 (4.5%). Testicular atrophy was not observed in any patient regardless of the method used. The cost of the procedure was lower in the sclerotherapy group. Conclusions: These data suggest that the failure rate was similar in both groups. The principal advantages of sclerotherapy are simplicity, decreased cost and lack of hydrocele formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1462-1464
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Sclerotherapy
  • Testis
  • Varicocele

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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