Adrenergically mediated coronary vasoconstriction in patients with Syndrome X

Paolo G. Camici, Paolo Marraccini, Roberto Gistri, Piero A. Salvadori, Oreste Sorace, Antonio L'Abbate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several studies have shown that coronary vasodilator reserve is impaired in some patients with chest pain and angiographically normal coronary arteries. In a subgroup of these patients, who additionally show ST depression on the electrocardiogram during exercise and are generally labelled as having Syndrome X, the impairment of coronary flow reserve is associated with metabolic and functional signs consistent with an increased sympathetic drive. The aim of the present investigation was to ascertain whether the impairment of coronary vasodilator reserve in patients with Syndrome X is due to adrenergically mediated vasoconstriction of coronary microcirculation. Myocardial blood flow (MBF), at baseline and following intravenous infusion of dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg over 4 minutes), was measured by means of13N-ammonia and dynamic positron emission tomography in 10 females (mean age 52±8 years) with a chest pain history, ST-segment depression during exercise, and angiographically normal coronaries. The first MBF study was performed while the patients were off therapy; a repeat MBF study was performed following 1 week of treatment with the alpha-1 blocker doxazosin (2 mg/day). Off therapy MBF was 1.13±0.25 ml/min/g at baseline and increased to 2.35±0.66 ml/min/g following dipyridamole. Coronary vasodilator reserve (dipyridamole/baseline MBF) was 2.18±0.56. During treatment with doxazosin, baseline MBF was not different from the control value (1.25±0.50 ml/min/g), while added dipyridamole significantly increased MBF to 3.52±1.20 ml/min/g (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

Keywords

  • alpha-1 adrenoceptors
  • coronary angiography
  • coronary reserve
  • positron emission tomography
  • sympathetic nervous system
  • Syndrome X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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