To evaluate the influence of age on the outcome of liver resections, 105 consecutive patients undergoing hepatic resection were divided into two groups: age > or = 65 years [Old Group (O-Group)] and age <65 years [Young Group (Y-Group)]. O-Group and Y-Group patients were analyzed comparatively in terms of primary diagnosis, concomitant diseases, previous surgery, type of operation (major or minor resection), associated procedures, presence and length of portal clamping, intraoperative blood losses and transfusions, and length of operation. The end points of the study were postoperative mortality, morbidity, transfusions, and length of post-operative hospitalization. The Y-Group included 61 resections in 60 patients, with a mean age of 52 +/- 10 years (mean +/- SD), range 23-64 years, and the O-Group 44 resections in 43 patients, with a mean age of 71 +/- 4 years, range 65-82 years. The O-Group included more cases of hepatoma (45.4% vs 18%, p = 0.002) and cirrhosis (40.9% vs 18.7%, p = 0.017). Median length of operation was slightly higher in the Y-Group (330 vs 270 minutes, p = 0.003). The O- and Y-Groups were comparable (p = n.s.) when evaluated for all other variables listed. As regards the end points of the study, length of post-operative hospitalization was identical in both groups (median 9 days, range 5-60 days) and neither PRBC transfusions (O-Group vs Y-Group: 16% vs 25%) nor FFP transfusions (O-Group vs Y-Group: 13.6% vs 6.5%) showed any statistically significant difference. Postoperative mortality consisted in 1 death among the younger patients while no deaths were recorded among the older patients. Postoperative morbidity was higher in the Y-Group than in the O-Group (31.1% vs 20.5%, p = 0.59). Advanced age does not negatively affect the outcome of liver resections.
|Translated title of the contribution||Advanced age as risk factor in liver resection surgery|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2001|
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