Favorable oncological outcomes have been reported in several trials with the introduction of Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in the treatment of Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC). However most of the studies testing the combined approach are observational and have been conducted in inhomogeneous series so that the evidence supporting the performance of this combined treatment is still poor. Median Overall and Disease Free Survivals of up to 64 months and 57 months, respectively have been reported. Although a rate of morbidity of up to 40% has been observed in some series the CRS + HIPEC continues to gain an increased popularity. Several prospective randomized trials are ongoing using the procedure in various time points of the disease. In this review several issues such as the impact of cytoreduction and residual disease (RD) on outcomes as well as the role of HIPEC will be updated from the literature evidence. Some controversial points HIPEC related will also be discussed. Recent experiences regarding the introduction of a more aggressive surgical approach to upper abdomen to resect peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) allowed increased rates of optimal cytoreduction and has demonstrated an apparent better outcome. This evidence associated with the positive results phase III trial testing normothermic intraperitoneal as first-line chemotherapy is guiding some investigators to propose the CRS + HIPEC in the primary setting. Several prospective phase II and III trials have recently been launched to validate the role of the combined treatment in various time points of disease natural evolution.
- Cytoreductive surgery
- Epithelial ovarian cancer
- Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy
- Peritoneal carcinomatosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas