Severe hemodynamic dysfunction may follow closure of the median sternotomy in patients with myocardial edema, cardiac dilatation, postcardiotomy shock, or raised end-expiratory alveolar pressure. Open sternotomy and delayed sternal closure (DSC) is a well described adjunct in complicated cardiac operations, which is more widely applied in neonates. In this article we report our results in using open sternotomy in eight adult patients from January 1994 to February 1995 (excluding patients who needed ventricular assistance devices [VADs]). Three patients died in hospital: 1 case of multiorgan failure; 1 case of refractory low cardiac output syndrome; and 1 case of respiratory distress syndrome. Our experience confirms that DSC is an effective means of dealing with postoperative hemodynamic impairment. Furthermore, this technique may represent an intermediate step between intraaortic balloon counterpulsation and VADs and should be given a role in the prophylaxis of low postoperative cardiac output and multiorgan failure, particularly when contraindications to VAD exist.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiac Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine