Age and subcultural differences on personal and general beliefs about memory

Elena Cavallini, Sara Bottiroli, Maria Chiara Fastame, Christopher Hertzog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined age and cultural differences on both personal and general beliefs about memory by comparing three age groups within two subcultures belonging to the same country: Milanese and Sardinian. Two innovative instruments on general and personal beliefs with graphic-rating-scale format (General Beliefs about Memory Instrument and Personal Beliefs about Memory Instrument) and a memory task (recall of 40 words) were administrated to participants. Sardinians held more positive attitudes about the effects of aging on memory reporting a later onset of declining memory ability and control over memory across the life span. They were also more optimistic in rating their global memory efficacy, control, and retrospective change. The two subcultural groups differed in terms of memory performance, with Sardinian individuals outperforming the Milanese. Findings are discussed in relation to the view of aging in different subcultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013


  • Aging stereotype
  • Cultural difference
  • Memory beliefs
  • Milanese culture
  • Sardinian culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects


Dive into the research topics of 'Age and subcultural differences on personal and general beliefs about memory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this