Age, gender, and topography influence the clinical and dermoscopic appearance of lentigo maligna

Danica Tiodorovic-Zivkovic, Giuseppe Argenziano, Aimilios Lallas, Luc Thomas, Aleksandra Ignjatovic, Harold Rabinovitz, Elvira Moscarella, Caterina Longo, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Iris Zalaudek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Little is known about the frequency of clinical and dermoscopic patterns of lentigo maligna (LM) in relation to specific anatomic subsites and patients characteristics. Objective We sought to assess the frequency of clinical and dermoscopic features of LM and to correlate them to specific anatomic subsites, and patients' age and gender. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of clinical and dermoscopic images of a series of consecutive, histopathologically diagnosed, facial and extrafacial LM. Results A total of 201 cases from 200 patients (mean age 69.51 ± 12.26 years) including 120 women were collected. Most cases were located on the face (n = 192, 95.5%). In 102 cases, LM presented as clinically solitary facial macule (s/LM), whereas it was associated with multiple surrounding freckles in the remaining cases. s/LM were significantly smaller (10 mm; P =.020) and associated with younger age compared with LM associated with multiple surrounding freckles (mean age 67.73 ± 12.68 years vs 71.34 ± 11.59 years, respectively; P =.036). Dermoscopically, gray color irrespective of a specific pattern was the most prevalent finding seen in 178 (88.6%) cases. Limitations This was a retrospective study. Conclusions The knowledge about patient age, patient gender, and site-related clinical features of LM associated with gray color upon dermoscopy may enhance the clinical recognition of LM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10004
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • dermoscopy
  • lentigo maligna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)

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