Aim: Increased age is the most prominent risk factor for the initiation and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). The effects of human growth hormone (hGH) combined or not with hyaluronan amide derivative (HAD) were evaluated on human OA chondrocytes, to define their biological action and potentiality in OA treatment.Material and methods: Cell viability, metabolic activity, gene expression and factors released were tested at different time points on chondrocytes treated with different concentrations of hGH (0.01-10 g/ml) alone or in combination with HAD (1 mg/ml).Results: We found that OA chondrocytes express GH receptor and that the different doses of hGH tested did not affect cell viability, metabolic activity or the expression of collagen type 2, 1, or 10 nor did it induce the release of IGF-1 or FGF-2. Conversely, hGH treatment increased the expression of hyaluronan receptor CD44. HAD combined with hGH reduced metabolic activity, IL6 release and gene expression, but not the suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2), which was significantly induced and translocated into the nucleus. The parameters analyzed, independently of the treatments used proportionally decreased with increasing age of the patients.Conclusions: hGH only induced CD44 receptor on OA chondrocytes but did not affect other parameters, such as chondrocytic gene markers or IGF-1 or FGF-2 release. HAD reduced all the effects induced by hGH partially through a significant induction of SOCS2. These data show that GH or HAD treatment does not influence the response of the OA chondrocytes, thus the modulation of cellular response is age-independent.
- growth hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine