Age-related changes in kinematics of the knee joint during deep squat

Shingo Fukagawa, Alberto Leardini, Barbara Callewaert, Pius D. Wong, Luc Labey, Kaat Desloovere, Shuichi Matsuda, Johan Bellemans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Researchers frequently use the deep knee squat as a motor task in order to evaluate the kinematic performance after total knee arthroplasty. Many authors reported about the kinematics of a normal squatting motion, however, little is known on what the influence of aging is. Twenty-two healthy volunteers in various age groups (range 21-75. years) performed a deep knee squat activity while undergoing motion analysis using an optical tracking system. The influence of aging was evaluated with respect to kinematics of the trunk, hip, knee and ankle joints. Older subjects required significantly more time to perform a deep squat, especially during the descending phase. They also had more knee abduction and delayed peak knee flexion. Older subjects were slower in descend than ascend during the squat. Although older subjects had a trend towards less maximal flexion and less internal rotation of the knee compared to younger subjects, this difference was not significant. Older subjects also showed a trend towards more forward leaning of the trunk, resulting in increased hip flexion and anterior thoracic tilt.This study confirmed that some aspects of squat kinematics vary significantly with age, and that the basic methodology employed here can successfully detect these age-related trends. Older subjects had more abduction of the knee joint, and this may indicate the load distribution of the medial and lateral condyles could be different amongst ages. Age-matched control data are therefore required whenever the performance of an implant is evaluated during a deep knee squat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-212
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


  • 3D knee kinematics
  • Age-related changes
  • Squat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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