Age-related effects on atherogenesis and scavenger enzymes of intracranial and extracranial arteries in men without classic risk factors for atherosclerosis

Francesco P. D'Armiento, Alfredo Bianchi, Filomena De Nigris, David M. Capuzzi, Maria R. D'Armiento, Giuseppe Crimi, Pasquale Abete, Wulf Palinski, Mario Condorelli, Claudio Napoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Atherosclerosis occurs later and is less extensive in intracranial arteries than in extracranial arteries. However, the mechanisms responsible are poorly understood. A previous study has suggested a better antioxidant protection of intracranial arteries. Methods - To assess the influence of age on arterial activity of antioxidant enzymes and atherogenesis, we compared intracranial and extracranial arteries of humans of different ages who retrospectively lacked confounding classic risk factors (48 premature fetuses aged 6.4±0.8 months [mean±SD], 58 children aged 7.9±3.8 years, 42 adults aged 42.5±5.1 years, and 40 elderly subjects aged 71.8±3.4 years; all males). Lesions were quantified by computer-assisted imaging analysis of sections of the middle cerebral and basilar arteries, the left anterior descending coronary artery, the common carotid artery, and the abdominal aorta. Macrophages, apolipoprotein B, oxidized LDL, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in lesions were determined by immunocytochemistry. The effect of aging on atherogenesis was then compared with that on the activity of 4 antioxidant enzymes in the arterial wall. Results - Atherosclerosis was 6- to 19-fold greater (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2472-2478
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
Volume32
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Atherosclerosis
Arteries
Antioxidants
Enzymes
Basilar Artery
Common Carotid Artery
Abdominal Aorta
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
Middle Cerebral Artery
Apolipoproteins B
Coronary Vessels
Fetus
Immunohistochemistry
Macrophages

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cerebral arteries
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Oxygen radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

D'Armiento, F. P., Bianchi, A., De Nigris, F., Capuzzi, D. M., D'Armiento, M. R., Crimi, G., ... Napoli, C. (2001). Age-related effects on atherogenesis and scavenger enzymes of intracranial and extracranial arteries in men without classic risk factors for atherosclerosis. Stroke, 32(11), 2472-2478.

Age-related effects on atherogenesis and scavenger enzymes of intracranial and extracranial arteries in men without classic risk factors for atherosclerosis. / D'Armiento, Francesco P.; Bianchi, Alfredo; De Nigris, Filomena; Capuzzi, David M.; D'Armiento, Maria R.; Crimi, Giuseppe; Abete, Pasquale; Palinski, Wulf; Condorelli, Mario; Napoli, Claudio.

In: Stroke, Vol. 32, No. 11, 2001, p. 2472-2478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

D'Armiento, FP, Bianchi, A, De Nigris, F, Capuzzi, DM, D'Armiento, MR, Crimi, G, Abete, P, Palinski, W, Condorelli, M & Napoli, C 2001, 'Age-related effects on atherogenesis and scavenger enzymes of intracranial and extracranial arteries in men without classic risk factors for atherosclerosis', Stroke, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 2472-2478.
D'Armiento, Francesco P. ; Bianchi, Alfredo ; De Nigris, Filomena ; Capuzzi, David M. ; D'Armiento, Maria R. ; Crimi, Giuseppe ; Abete, Pasquale ; Palinski, Wulf ; Condorelli, Mario ; Napoli, Claudio. / Age-related effects on atherogenesis and scavenger enzymes of intracranial and extracranial arteries in men without classic risk factors for atherosclerosis. In: Stroke. 2001 ; Vol. 32, No. 11. pp. 2472-2478.
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