Tubulointerstitial damage and glomerular sclerosis are findings commonly observed in the experimental models of adriamycin and puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis. It has been suggested that in such models proteinuria might be an important mediator of tubulo-interstitial damage which in turn may determine the progression of the disease favoring the development of glomerulosclerosis. The objective of the present investigation was to establish the temporal relationship between proteinuria, tubulo-interstitial damage and glomerulosclerosis in aging rats with intact kidneys exposed to diets with different protein content. There were six groups of rats studied. Animals of groups 1, 5 and 6 (N = 10) were fed diets containing 20, 35, and 6% protein, respectively, for 20 months and sacrificed at the end of the experimental period. Rats in groups 3 and 4 (N = 6) exhibited marked and mild proteinuria, respectively, after 14 months of maintenance on standard diet, and followed for two additional months after the onset of proteinuria with the aim of evaluating the pattern of renal damage after a relatively short period of proteinuria. Rats in group 2 (N = 10) were fed standard diet and sacrificed before (5 months) and at the onset of proteinuria (10 months). Protein excretion and plasma creatinine were measured for each animal every month. Pathologic examination was performed by light and electron microscopy. At the onset of proteinuria neither renal structural nor functional abnormalities were detected. After 20 months, rats fed standard diet developed tubulo-interstitial damage (score: 1.29 ± 1.05) and focal glomerular sclerosis (percentage of glomeruli with focal segmental glomerular sclerosis: 16.70 ± 16.40). A significant correlation was found between the degree of tubulo-interstitial damage and the percentage of glomeruli with focal glomerular sclerosis (r = 0.99, p <0.01). Development of tubulo, interstitial damage and focal glomerular sclerosis were correlated with heavy and sustained proteinuria. The high protein diet significantly worsened proteinuria (at month 20: 247.08 ± 101.73 mg/day), tubulo-interstitial changes (score: 1.99 ± 0.70), focal glomerular sclerosis (percentage of glomeruli with focal segmental glomerular sclerosis: 21.50 ± 9.44) and was associated with deteriorating renal function (at month 20, plasma creatinine: 1.20 ± 0.50 mg/dl). By contrast, low protein diet was associated with a mild proteinuria, whereas tubulo-interstitial damage (score: 0.19 ± 0.31) focal glomerular sclerosis (percentage of glomeruli with focal segmental glomerular sclerosis: 0.90 ± 1.70) and renal function were dramatically preserved (at month 20, plasma creatinine: 0.49 ± 0.05 mg/dl). This study indicates that proteinuria may contribute to the development of tubulo-interstitial damage in aging rats and that tubulo-interstitial damage, in turn, may contribute to the development of glomerular sclerosis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine