Brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) were recorded in 51 Down's syndrome (DS) subjects and compared with those of 38 normal controls; the correlations between the BAEP measures and age, sex, and degree of mental retardation were then evaluated. The DS patients showed a significant reduction in wave V latency and amplitude and in I-III, III-V, and I-V interpeak intervals. An age-related shortening of the I-V interpeak interval found in DS patients was interpreted as being a result of changes in central inhibitory/excitatory mechanisms. In both groups, female subjects presented an I-V interval shorter than that of males but this difference was greater in the DS subjects than in the normal population. The DS patients with severe mental retardation showed significantly longer I-V interpeak intervals than those with moderate retardation; this could be due to the presence of additional central nervous system abnormalities.
- brainstem auditory evoked potentials
- Down's syndrome
- mental retardation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology