Aggressive weight-loss program with a ketogenic induction phase for the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis: A proof-of-concept, single-arm, open-label clinical trial

Giuseppe Castaldo, Luca Rastrelli, Giovanna Galdo, Paola Molettieri, Felice Rotondi Aufiero, Emanuele Cereda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: A very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) has been associated with a significant reduction in visceral adipose tissue and ketone bodies that likely possess antiinflammatory properties. We evaluated the efficacy of an aggressive weight-loss (WL) program with a ketogenic induction phase as first-line treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis. Methods: Adult patients who were overweight or obese and drug-naïve (i.e., never treated, excluding the use of topical emollients; n = 37; 30% men; age: 43.1 ± 13.8 y) with stable chronic plaque psoriasis underwent a 10-wk, 2-phase WL program consisting of a 4-wk protein-sparing, VLCKD (<500 kcal/d; 1.2 g of protein/kg of ideal body weight/d) and 6-wk balanced, hypocaloric (25-30 kcal/kg of ideal body weight/d), Mediterranean-like diet. The primary endpoint was the reduction in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score at wk 10. Major secondary endpoints included PASI score responses of ≥50% and ≥75%, reduction in body surface area involved, improvement in itch severity (visual analogue scale), and Dermatology Life Quality Index score at wk 10. Results: With a mean body weight reduction of 12.0% (–10.6 kg), the dietary intervention resulted in a significant reduction in PASI (baseline score: 13.8 ± 6.9; range, 7–32), with a mean change of –10.6 (95% confidence interval, –12.8 to –8.4; P < 0.001). PASI score responses of ≥50% and ≥75% were recorded in 36 patients (97.3%) and 24 patients (64.9%), respectively. Treatment also resulted in a significant reduction (P < 0.001) in the body surface area involved (–17.4%) and an improvement in itch severity (–33.2 points) and Dermatology Life Quality Index score (–13.4 points). Conclusions: In drug-naïve adult overweight patients with stable chronic plaque psoriasis, an aggressive dietary WL program consisting of a VLCKD, followed by a balanced, hypocaloric, Mediterranean-like diet, appeared to be an effective first-line strategy to reduce disease severity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110757
JournalNutrition
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • chronic plaque psoriasis
  • ketogenic diet
  • Mediterranean diet
  • PASI
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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