Invecchiamento e funzione diastolica del ventricolo sinistro.

Translated title of the contribution: Aging and left ventricular diastolic function

F. Rengo, D. Vitale, N. Ferrara, A. Nicolino, C. Rengo, D. Leosco, P. Abete, N. Guerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several studies have demonstrated that physiological aging significantly affects cardiovascular function. Experimental researches, conducted on cardiac muscle of senescent animals, have shown a prolongation of both contraction and relaxation times. This phenomenon was explained by a reduced Ca(++)-stimulated ATPase pump activity, responsible for the reduced sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca++ uptake rate. The myofilament response to Ca++ in the aging heart is normal as are peak contractile force production and post-extrasystolic twitch potentiation during continual paired stimulation. On the other hand, the inotropic response to cardiac glycosides and beta-adrenoceptor stimulation is diminished in senescent compared to adult myocardium. This decreased contractility could result mainly from mechanisms controlling Ca++ reuptake from sarcoplasmic reticulum and relaxation time (diastolic phase) rather than those determining force generation and contraction time (systolic phase). Age-related physiologic structural changes are not associated with significant variations in left ventricular diastolic and systolic sizes, but they seem a direct consequence of the rising systolic blood pressure observed in these age decades. Myocardial hypertrophy should not be considered a specific marker of the senescent heart, but rather an adaptive response to increased afterload conditions. As regard the relationship between age and diastole, it is important to underline that the alterations in aging cardiac muscle function primarily involve the isovolumic relaxation time and diastolic phase. With age, the early diastolic phase declines while the contribution of atrial contraction to ventricular diastolic filling increases as well as the isovolumic relaxation time.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionAging and left ventricular diastolic function
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalCardiologia
Volume36
Issue number12 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Rengo, F., Vitale, D., Ferrara, N., Nicolino, A., Rengo, C., Leosco, D., Abete, P., & Guerra, N. (1991). Invecchiamento e funzione diastolica del ventricolo sinistro. Cardiologia, 36(12 Suppl 1), 247-253.