Aging of the endocrine system and its potential impact on sarcopenia

Giovanni Vitale, M. Cesari, Daniela Mari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Sarcopenia, occurring as a primary consequence of aging, is a progressive generalized decline of skeletal muscle mass, strength and function. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is complex and multifactorial. One major cause of muscle mass and strength loss with aging appears to be the alteration in hormonal networks involved in the inflammatory processes, muscle regeneration and protein synthesis. This review describes the recent findings concerning the role of the aging on the endocrine system in the development of sarcopenia. We also report the benefits and safety of hormone replacement therapy in elderly subjects and discuss future perspectives in the therapy and prevention of skeletal muscle aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-15
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Aging
  • Hormones
  • IGF-I
  • Sarcopenia
  • Testosterone
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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